# Build Rhythms

This page will teach you how to get started writing rhythms using different techniques. It is a good way to learn Tidal Cycles in a more intuitive way.

## From a simple to a complex rhythm​

Simple bass drum - snare:

``d1 \$ sound "bd sn"``

Let's pick a different snare sample:

``d1 \$ sound "bd sn:3"``

Now, we are going to change the rhythm:

``d1 \$ sound "bd*2 [~ sn:3]"``

And add some toms:

``d1 \$ sound "bd*2 [[~ lt] sn:3] lt:1 [ht mt*2]"``

Start to transform, shift a quarter cycle every other cycle:

``d1 \$ every 2 (0.25 <~) \$ sound "bd*2 [[~ lt] sn:3] lt:1 [ht mt*2]"``

Pattern the shift amount:

``d1 \$ every 2 ("<0.25 0.125 0.5>" <~) \$ sound "bd*2 [[~ lt] sn:3] lt:1 [ht mt*2]"``

Add some patterned effects:

``d1 \$ every 2 ("<0.25 0.125 0.5>" <~) \$ sound "bd*2 [[~ lt] sn:3] lt:1 [ht mt*2]"  # squiz "<1 2.5 2>"  # room (slow 4 \$ range 0 0.2 saw)  # sz 0.5  # orbit 1``

More transformation:

``d1 \$ jux' [id,rev,(# speed 2)] \$ every 2 ("<0.25 0.125 0.5>" <~) \$ sound "bd*2 [[~ lt] sn:3] lt:1 [ht mt*2]"  # squiz "<1 2.5 2>"  # room (slow 4 \$ range 0 0.2 saw)  # sz 0.5  # orbit 1``

## Another rhythmic construction​

``d1 \$ n "0 0 [2 0] [2 3]" # sound "feel" # speed 1.5``

We add a bit of flavour:

``d1 \$ n "0 <0 4> [2 0] [2 3]" # sound "feel" # speed 1.5``

Swap the samples round every other cycle:

``d1 \$ every 2 (rot "<1 3 2>") \$ n "0 <0 4> [2 0] [2 3]" # sound "feel" # speed 1.5``

Always worth trying a `jux rev`:

``d1 \$ jux rev \$ every 2 (rot "<1 3 2>") \$ n "0 <0 4> [2 0] [2 3]" # sound "feel" # speed 1.5``

Calm it down a bit by reducing the amount of panning:

``d1 \$ juxBy 0.4 rev \$ every 2 (rot "<1 3 2>") \$ n "0 <0 4> [2 0] [2 3]" # sound "feel" # speed 1.5``

Vary the speed:

``d1 \$ juxBy 0.4 rev \$ every 2 (rot "<1 3 2>") \$ n "0 <0 4> [2 0] [2 3]" # sound "feel" # speed "1.75 2"``

Add an offset `vowel` effect:

``d1 \$ off 0.25 (# vowel "<a o i>")  \$ juxBy 0.4 rev \$ every 2 (rot "<1 3 2>") \$ n "0 <0 4> [2 0] [2 3]" # sound "feel" # speed "1.75 2"``

Let's add another friend:

``d1 \$ off 0.25 (# vowel "<a o i>")  \$ juxBy 0.4 rev \$ every 2 (rot "<1 3 2>") \$ n "0 <0 4> [2 0] [2 3]" # sound "feel" # speed "1.75 2"d2 \$ juxBy 0.5 rev \$ chunk 4 ((+ speed (1 + sine)) . ply 8) \$ note "3(3,8)" # sound "bass"  # speed "<2 4>"  # legato 1``